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Career in Physics

Career in Physics

Physics is a vast subject area that explains observation, interpretation, universal physical phenomena using mathematics.  All the innovations related with the universe is explained in Physics. With greater possibilities in research field, physics is considered to be the basic science and is the foundation for engineering programmes offered. Without the knowledge in physics, understanding of engineering is not considered complete.

In the context of higher education in India, graduation, post-graduation and doctoral degree in Physics has promising career prospects. Exploring the mysteries of the universe, the science behind the movement of objects in this universe, etc. creates interest and curiosity in young minds driving them to move ahead in this subject. A career in Physics in India has to start from the high school itself. Most of the state / central educational boards has Physics as one of the main/compulsory subjects for +2. With the growth of aviation, industrial manufacturing sectors, real aspirants can choose for a good career in physics.

Career in Physics
Career in Physics

Physics after +2

To achieve a promising career in Physics, one can opt for Integrated M.Sc. Programme offered by state / centrally funded institutions. There are deemed universities also offering the same in India.  The important factor to be kept in mind, while choosing an institution for your career is – choose the one with best infrastructure. Even if there is any shortcoming among the faculty members, a good infrastructure setup can compensate it.

Career options after B.Sc. Physics

If you wish to go with a conventional degree, you can always choose B.Sc. Physics. After B.Sc. Physics, it is possible to undergo M.Sc. Physics in any college with good reputation. Even during your graduation in any arts college, you are always open to the internship opportunities offered by several research institutions. Various other options are to get involved in any project work carried out by electronic & communication industries or companies in the manufacturing sector. All these kind of co-curricular activities is possible during the vacation.

Career options after M.Sc. Physics

One can join for M.Phil or get into PhD directly, after B.Sc. Physics programme.

Some of the research areas in Physics:

  • Astronomy/Astrophysics
  • Classical Physics
  • Low Temperature Physics
  • Plasma Physics
  • Quantum Physics
  • Atomic & Solid State Physics
  • Relativistic Physics
  • Macromolecular “Biology”
  • Accelerator Physics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • High Energy Particle Physics

Here are some of the centrally funded institutions in India supporting for a better career in Physics:

Typically, those who are interested in a bright, prospective career in physics shall do the graduation or integrated dual degree programme in physics. After graduation, one can continue with graduation in physics (with the specialization of your chose). If you qualify for research through CSIR / JRF / GATE, it is possible to join a centrally funded institution and be a research fellow and do PhD under a professor. Doing research or teaching profession is one of the most chosen paths in career in physics.

Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics,
  • Atmospheric Physics.

Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI), Mumbai

Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI), Allahabad

  • Theoretical Physics
  • Astrophysics

Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam

  • Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter (Experimental and Theoretical)
  • Radiation Damage and Accelerator-based Research
  • Sensors and Applications
  • Science and Technology of Nanomaterials
  • Computational Materials Science
  • Reactor Physics
  • Radiation Physics and Atmospheric Science

Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), Bangalore

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Astronomical Instrumentation
  • Optics
  • Atomic Physics


Indian Institute of Science (IISc.), Bangalore

  • Condensed Matter Physics (Experiments and Theory)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics (Theoretical)
  • Atomic and Optical Physics (Experimental)
  • Bio crystallography and Bio-informatics
  • High Energy Physics (Theoretical)


Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Mohali

  • Quantum Theory
  • Quantum Information Processing
  • NMR-Methodology
  • Optics
  • Statistical Mechanics
  • Quantum Thermodynamics
  • Non-linear Dynamics
  • String Theory
  • Ultrafast Physics
  • Low Temperature Mesoscopic Physics


Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune:

  • Field Theory
  • Theoretical Particle Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Non-linear Dynamics
  • Complex Systems and Networks
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Quantum Information Processing
  • Radio Astrophysics
  • Atomic Physics and Quantum Optics
  • Energy Studies
  • Solar and Plasma Physics
  • Nanoscience
  • Scanning Probe Techniques
  • Semiconductor Physics and Devices


Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Thiruvananthapuram:

  • Experimental Condensed Matter: Magnetic and Superconducting materials
  • Nanoscience and Energy materials
  • Photonics
  • Soft Condensed Matter
  • Semiconductor Physics and Devices
  • Surface Sciences and Nano-scale Plasmonics
  • Terahertz and Ultrafast Spectroscopy
  • Theory: Cosmology, Classical and Quantum Gravity
  • Gravitational Wave Physics
  • Quantum Information Theory
  • Quantum Field Theory
  • Statistical Physics

Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), Chennai

  • Theoretical Physics
  • Theoretical Computer Science


Institute of Physics (IOP), Bhubaneswar

  • Physics (Condensed Matter, Nuclear and High Energy Physics) and Accelerator-based Research


Institute for Plasma Research (IPR), Gandhinagar

  • Physics (Experimental and Theoretical)


Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune

  • Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore

  • Experimental and Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical Mechanics
  • Materials Science


National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA-TIFR), Pune

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar

  • Theoretical High Energy Physics and Lattice QCD
  • Experimental High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics (Theory and Experiment)
  • Optics and Metamaterials


Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad

  • Theoretical Physics
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Solar Physics
  • Space and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Planetary Science and Geo-Sciences


Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore

  • Lasers and their Applications,
  • Laser Plasma Interaction
  • Cold Atom Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics (Superconductivity and Magnetism, Crystals and Thin Films)
  • Nanomaterials and Applications
  • Non-linear and Ultrafast Optical Studies
  • Beam Physics
  • Free Electron Laser


Raman Research Institute (RRI), Bangalore

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Light and Matter Physics,
  • Soft Condensed Matter Physics (Liquid Crystals, Physics in Biology)
  • Theoretical Physics

Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Kolkata

  • Condensed Matter Physics (Theory and Experiments)
  • Nuclear Physics (Theory and Experiments)
  • High Energy Physics (Theory and Experiments)
  • Astroparticle Physics
  • Quantum Gravity
  • String Theory
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Materials Science (Surface Science and Plasma Physics)


Satyendra Nath Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences (SNBNCBS), Kolkata

  • Astrophysics and Cosmology
  • Chemical and Biological Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics and Material Science
  • High Energy Physics and Quantum Field Theory
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Nanoscience
  • Quantum Optics and
  • Quantum Information
  • Statistical Physics
  • Complex Systems


UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research (UGC-DAE CSR), Indore

  • Surfaces
  • Interfaces
  • Thin Films and Nanomaterials
  • Physics at Low Temperatures and High Magnetic Fields
  • X-ray
  • Optical and Electron Spectroscopic Studies Using Synchrotron and Laboratory Sources
  • High Spin States
  • Nuclear Reactions


Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC), Kolkata

  • Accelerator Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics