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Career in Aerospace Engineering

Career in Aerospace Engineering

Career in Aerospace Engineering – Being an Aerospace / Aeronautical Engineer, you are in between the earth and the sky! A challenging, rather satisfactory field in the area of engineering. The subject of aerospace has become so vast with the growth of the industry and air travel being considered as the most safest and fastest mode of transportation and travel. Precisely, any engineer can find his career in Aerospace / Aeronautical Engineer. It can be related with the computers, remote sensing, acoustics, communication systems, radar, building of the aircraft, design, everything. Maintaining the air pressure, securing the whole air / spacecraft are most of the challenging fields in the air industry. Aerospace engineers / pilots can even find a place in navy / army or air force. With the huge investment from the private sector being encouraged by the government, there is a good scope for the future electrical engineers.  A career after B.Tech Aerospace Engineering, as a scientist or engineer requires four to seven years study in college after your plus two. B.Tech Aerospace Engineering is essential to enter this area of challenges. There are government colleges and universities offering master’s and PhD programs where students do further research and studies to get doctoral degree. The master’s program (MS or M.Tech) in aerospace engineering, after B.Tech usually takes two years. An additional two to four years is needed to earn a doctorate. You should be choosing the best engineering college to do your graduation in order to be thorough with fundamentals.

A good video on Aerospace Engineering by Iowa State University

A B.Tech Aerospace / Aeronautical Engineering degree is essential to start your career as scientist or engineer. It is very important to have thorough knowledge in Mathematics, Physics and courses like aerodynamics. For a good career after B.Tech Aerospace Engineering, a master’s and/doctoral degree is highly recommended. Some examples of the other engineering degrees probably eligible for a career in aerospace engineering are electrical engineering, electronics engineering and mechanical engineering. Some other bachelor’s degrees that may take you to career in aerospace engineering are Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Meteorology, Mathematics, Experimental Psychology and Biology.

Career in Aerospace Engineering after plus two
Career in Aerospace Engineering after plus two

What you should know to join this degree?

Physics, Mathematics

What you can do after doing this degree?

Supervision of designing, testing, manufacturing of space vehicles, rockets, aircraft, missiles, etc. Other than these, they can develop following technologies for the space related projects:
Navigation Systems
Structural Design
Communication Systems
Control Systems
Helicopter systems

In general, this is what you do as part of career in aerospace engineering

Direct, coordinate manage the design, manufacture, and testing of aircraft and aerospace related products & services
Evaluate and scrutinize project proposals to find out the technical and financial feasibility
Safety of these projects
Evaluate designs to see that the products meet engineering principles, requirements as given and satisfy environmental challenges
Prepare an acceptance criteria for design methods, quality standards, maintenance after delivery, and deadlines
Inspect functioning of products and services to identify sources of problems and possible solutions

Aerospace engineers may develop new technologies for use in aviation industry, defense and military systems, and in spacecraft. Most of the specializations are in aerodynamic fluid flow; structural design; guidance, navigation, and control; instrumentation and communication; robotics; and propulsion and combustion.

Commercial air vehicles like the helicopters, unmanned aircraft, robots, etc. are designed by Aerospace engineers. In the military, missiles, spacecrafts, drones etc. are contributed by the aerospace engineers.  It may also include rockets, their launching, satellites, etc.

Aerospace engineers often become experts in one or more related fields: aerodynamics, thermodynamics, celestial mechanics, flight mechanics, propulsion, acoustics, and guidance and control systems. After your graduation in aerospace engineering, you may specialize in one of two types of engineering: aeronautical or astronautical.

Aeronautical engineers are bound to work with aircraft. Their primary role is in designing aircraft and propulsion systems and in studying the aerodynamic performance of aircraft and construction materials. As engineers, they put everything they have learned practical, real life. Most of the work is with the theory, technology, and practice of flight within the earth’s atmosphere.

Astronautical engineers primarily work with the science and technology of spacecraft and how they perform inside and outside the earth’s atmosphere.  Aeronautical and astronautical engineers face different environmental and operational issues in designing aircraft and spacecraft. However, these two areas could overlap and create big deal because they both depend on the basic principles of physics.

Job Prospects:

Aviation industries
Military services
Industries related with navigation systems
Space Exploration organizations
Defense organizations
Aerospace product and parts manufacturing
Engineering services
Research and development in the physical, engineering, and life sciences
Navigational, measuring, electro-medical, and control instruments manufacturing

Career in aerospace engineering finally results in industries where you will design or build aircraft, missiles, systems for national defense, or spacecraft. Most of the aerospace engineers are employed in manufacturing, analysis and design, research and development, and for the federal government. Aerospace engineers work with other professionals involved in designing and building aircraft, spacecraft, and their components. Therefore, they must be able to communicate well, divide work into manageable tasks, and work with others toward a common goal.

Possible degrees after graduation

Typically, this degree at graduate level itself is a specialized one. After graduating, aerospace / aeronautical, you have to take the following provided if you wish to continue with the same area.
MS in Aerospace / Aeronautical Engineering
M.Tech in Aerospace / Aeronautical Engineering
Specializations: Thermal & Propulsion, Aerodynamics & Flight Mechanics, Structures &  Design
RF and Microwave Engineering
Digital Signal Processing
VLSI and Micro systems
Control Systems

Prospective Companies

Air India
Indian Airlines
Helicopter Corporation of India
Any private / government owned aircraft companies / manufacturers
Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL)
Defense Research and Development Laboratories
National Aeronautical Lab (NAL)
Aeronautical Development Establishment
Civil Aviation Department

Professional Organizations:

Aeronautical Society of India
Universal Association of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineers
Institution of Engineers (India)

B.Tech Aerospace EngineeringInfographic