B Tech Aerospace Engineering
B Tech Aerospace Engineering is a semi-specialized branch at graduate level in engineering discipline. Graduates in Aerospace Engineering discipline are expected to take up challenging work in the aerospace engineering industry – be it is a government organization or a private one. They are expected to work primarily on crucial aspects like propulsion systems, aerodynamic design, structural systems, precision manufacturing, etc. Main attractions in India are Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), BARC, VSSC, etc. These are premier institutions in the country contributing into the national space programme. There are good careers for aerospace engineers, after B Tech Aerospace Engineering – that is outside ISRO, in entities like HAL, DRDOs, and ancillary industries connected with the aviation sector. As most of the B Tech Aerospace engineering curriculum cover most courses in Mechanical Engineering, a graduate in aerospace engineering can also take up jobs in the automotive sector, Power sector, Manufacturing sector, R&D organizations, etc.
B Tech Aerospace Engineering Programme Objectives:
- Application and demonstration of knowledge by integrating mathematics, science, and engineering. This will include topics in aeronautical engineering, aerodynamics, materials in aerospace, structures, propulsion, flight mechanics, and stability
- Evaluate, define, interpret and solve problems in the aerospace sector
- Should be able to sketch, formulate, design & do experiments
- Predict, calculate, analyze and evaluate / results data generated from the experiments – needless to state, Mathematics plays an important role in this regard.
- An ability to understand, use modern engineering techniques learned in theory, skills, and computing tools necessary for aerospace industry and core engineering design practices.
- Based on the needs, the graduate should be able to define, assess, understand, examine and design a process, system, model, component that may lead to further research and development
- Considering the public health and safety, design system components or processes that meet the specified needs. This would also include cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
- Should be able to describe, explain and communicate and convey the ideas effectively with written, oral, and visual means.
- Should be able to function and contribute effectively as an individual or as a member or leader in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary, multicultural working environment.
- Apply the reasoning power developed through the contextual knowledge gained to assess societal, health, safety, legal and cultural problems.
- Hold up the professional and ethical responsibilities as an engineer with a good, humanitarian understanding.
- Understand, practice the knowledge of aerospace engineering and management principles and by applying them in own work environment
- Manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments efficiently as a team lead or a member.
- Understand, analyse the need for a change, develop the ability to engage in independent and life-long learning, by adapting in the scenario of emerging technological advancements.
- Understand the need of the professional engineering solutions and its impacts in societal and environmental contexts.
- Identify, formulate, research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems in the aviation sector, reach substantiated conclusions with focus in aerospace engineering.
A short note on B Tech Aerospace Engineering Education and Industry
After B Tech in Aerospace Engineering, the graduates are expected to work on the design and development, testing of aircraft, launch vehicles, and any type of space vehicle which may be built in future. Compared with the other traditional ground based systems and processes, optimality and reliability are of core importance in the aviation sector. This throws the light on the need for precise, theoretical and experimental analysis of a wide range of concepts, and performance / results predictions, its analysis of a range of complex systems in aviation sector. Aerospace Engineering is the discipline which is closest to what is widely known as “Rocket Science”.
Four broad, sub-disciplines identified under Aerospace Engineering
- Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics
- Thermal and Propulsion
- Design and Structures
- Materials and Manufacturing
These areas are subject to change / increase the topics as the time goes because of the huge research and development that is happening in the aviation industry.
Some of the courses taught for B Tech Aerospace Engineering graduates are fundamental courses like Solid Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Materials Science, and applied courses like Aerodynamics, Gas Dynamics, Propulsion, Atmospheric and Spaceflight Mechanics, Theory of Machines, Aerospace Structures, and Manufacturing Processes.
Choosing Best College for B Tech Aerospace Engineering
Compared with any other engineering discipline, aerospace engineering department need to have several laboratories including instructional and research labs essential to carry out real time experiments for the growing aspirants in aerospace engineering. There is no need to mention that engineering education is incomplete without exposure to real life problems and issues. Without developing the ability to experimentally investigate the performance of actual systems, any engineering study is futile. Following labs are essential for a successful career in B Tech Aerospace Engineering.
- Engineering Workshop
- Strength of Materials Lab
- Engineering Drawing Lab
- Thermal and Propulsion Lab
- Computer Aided Design and Analysis Lab
- Manufacturing Processes Lab
- Heat Transfer Lab
- Flight Mechanics Lab
- Material Characterization Lab
- Aerospace Structures Lab
- Aerodynamics Lab
- Fluid Mechanics Lab
- Meteorology and Computer Aided Inspection Lab
- Advanced Propulsion and Laser Diagnostics Lab
Career after B Tech Aerospace Engineering
One can opt to join any industrial job through the placements
Continue with the studies by joining post graduate programme – M Tech in Aerospace Engineering or MS in Aerospace Engineering – in India or abroad.
M Tech Aerospace Engineering programme is in general rigorous by imparting the foundations and in depth knowledge through further advanced courses. Some of the M Tech specializations are Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics, Thermal and Propulsion, and Structures and Design.
Research & Development after B Tech Aerospace Engineering
Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics: It involves experimental and computational study of flow phenomena, design and optimization of aerospace vehicles, and space mission design.
Space Flight Mechanics: These are related with the trajectory optimization for various space missions and projects. It primarily involves evaluation of various optimization techniques for space missions. It also includes trajectory simulation packages.
Computational Aerodynamics and Design: This involves Wind turbine design, Unsteady Aerodynamics, Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics, Computational Aeroacoustics, Hyper sonic Aerodynamics, Multidisciplinary Design Optimization studies for conceptual design of semi-ballistic re-entry vehicle and sounding rockets, Development of new Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms (A2MOEA), Conceptual sizing and multi-objective optimization studies for sizing hybrid airships. (Source – IIST)
Experimental Aerodynamics: Shock/Detonation wave studies, Unsteady Aerodynamics, Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics, Flow instability & control, Aeroacoustics.
Thermal and Propulsion
- turbulent combustion of gaseous and liquid fuels
- optical and laser diagnostics in reacting and non-reacting flows
- development of new diagnostic techniques for species concentration and temperature measurements
- Modelling and simulation of turbulent, compressible, reacting flows and reactive heat flow
Structures and Design: The focus areas include non-linear dynamics, structural acoustics, fluid structure interaction, stochastic mechanics, finite element methods, mesh-free methods, spectral finite element, smart materials, piezoelectric structures and elastic wave propagation. The objective of research in this area is to develop strategies for applications in Aerospace and related disciplines.
Materials and Manufacturing: Micro/nano finishing of surfaces; Welding and forming of metallic materials; Heat treatment studies; Synthesis and characterization of Composites
Industrial Engineering and Management